Seis de cada 10 argentinos no hacen actividad física

Son datos de una encuesta nacional. El sedentarismo es uno de los principales factores de riesgo, pero la mayoría no dedica ni una hora por semana a ejercitarse. Las mujeres, menos activas que los hombres.

Cada fin de semana, miles de corredores inundan las calles de la Ciudad. La matrícula en los gimnasios creció 30 por ciento y los locales de pilates parecen haberse incorporado al paisaje urbano con el mismo furor que el paddle de los 80. Pero nada de eso alcanza para revertir una tendencia que parece tan arraigada como el asado del domingo.

A los argentinos no les gusta moverse: 6 de cada 10 persona no realiza ninguna actividad física.

Lo dice un informe de la consultora TNS Argentina y coincide con los números que, a principio de año, habían difundido desde el Ministerio de Salud. Según la Encuesta Nacional de Factores de Riesgo el 54,9 por ciento de las personas no realiza actividad física o lo poco que hace no sirve para quedar fuera del porcentaje de sedentarios.

Es decir que el nivel de movimiento de los argentinos es un verdadero desastre. Y aunque estos números no difieren de un fenómeno mundial, aquí el mal de muchos no es consuelo.

El sendentarismo mata

El sedentarismo mata cada año entre 2 y 3 millones de personas en todo el mundo y provoca discapacidad en otros 19 millones. A partir de 1991, comenzó a considerarse un factor de riesgo tan letal como el tabaquismo, la hipertensión y el colesterol elevado. Y hoy ya es el cuarto factor de riesgo más importante, después del tabaquismo, el consumo de tabaco y el exceso de glucosa en la sangre.

“El sedentarismo está llegando a ser un problema de salud importante en Argentina y el mundo, y ya se denomina epidemia en muchos países”, explica Oscar Incarbone, experto de la Unesco y del Ministerio de Salud.

De acuerdo con el estudio de TNS Argentina, sólo el 42 por ciento de las personas realiza actividad física al menos una vez por semana. Bastante poco para lo que recomienda la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS): un mínimo de treinta minutos la mayor parte de los días de la semana.

“La gente no piensa en el sedentarismo como algo que hace mal –opina Héctor Kunik, titular de la Asociación Metropolitana de Medicina del Deporte –. Todo el mundo sabe que es malo el tabaquismo o el colesterol, pero al sedentarismo se lo toma como un ‘problemita’, no como algo serio”.

Por definición, el hombre fue siempre activo. Pero los genes nada pueden hacer contra la cultura de “todo en un sólo click”. Las nuevas tecnologías fueron cambiando poco a poco los entornos físicos y sociales. Los chicos se pegan a la consola, la televisión se lleva horas y horas y hasta es posible trabajar sin moverse de la casa. “Ya ni siquiera se pasea al perro, ni se va al banco. Cuando hay que comprar comida se llama al delivery. Hay mayor conciencia de la necesidad de hacer actividad física pero todavía falta bastante”, señala Kunik.

Hombres y mujeres

La encuesta de TNS encontró que los hombres son mucho más activos que las mujeres y que son los menores de 25 quienes más actividad física realizan.

También muestra que el sedentarismo es otra forma de desigualdad: si en las clases más acomodadas el 51 por ciento realiza algún tipo de actividad, el porcentaje desciende abruptamente entre los más pobres. Sólo el 35% dijo que se mantenía activo.

Otro de los datos más significativos es que estos números se mantienen estables desde 2004, cuando la consultora comenzó a medir el nivel de actividad de los argentinos. “Es bastante alarmante ver que más de la mitad de los argentinos no realiza actividad física regularmente, llegando a puntos preocupantes como el 64 por ciento de los niveles socioeconómicos más bajos”, sostiene Constanza Cilley, de TNS.

La encuesta del Ministerio de Salud muestra una tendencia peor: en 2005 el porcentaje de personas que no hacían actividad física era de 46,2 por ciento, es decir casi nueve puntos menos que los números actuales. Además, en provincias como el Chaco, el sedentarismo alcanza el 73,8 por ciento de la población.

“Esto constituye un problema relevante”, señala Incarbone. Por esa razón, en el Ministerio de Salud están elaborando el primer manual de Actividad Física para los Argentinos, que se presentará el próximo 6 de abril, Día Mundial de la Actividad Física. Un manual que intentará lograr que esa imagen de una marea humana trotando con la misma remera un domingo a las ocho de la mañana no sea sólo una postal de fin de semana en la Ciudad.

 

 

Fuente: clarín[dot]com

712 thoughts on “Seis de cada 10 argentinos no hacen actividad física

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