Consumimos más sodio que el recomendado mundialmente

El consumo de sodio a partir de alimentos procesados y de restaurantes contribuye al aumento de los índices de hipertensión, ataques cardíacos y accidentes cerebrovasculares. Disminuir el consumo de sodio hasta los límites recomendados podría evitar miles de muertes cada año.

Las personas estamos consumiendo demasiado sodio, comúnmente en forma de sal. Un alto consumo de sodio eleva la presión arterial. La hipertensión es un factor de riesgo importante de las enfermedades cardíacas y accidentes cerebrovasculares, primera y tercera causa de muerte en el país respectivamente.
Las investigaciones indican que existe una asociación basada en la dosis entre el consumo de demasiada sal y la presión arterial alta. Cuando se reduce el consumo de sal, la presión arterial comienza a disminuir en la mayoría de las personas a los pocos días y semanas. Las poblaciones con dietas bajas en sal no experimentan el aumento de presión arterial con el paso de los años en comparación con lo que sucede en la mayoría de los países occidentales.
Consumo de sodio y suministro de alimentos
Todos necesitamos una pequeña cantidad de sodio (por ejemplo: entre 180 mg y 500 mg por día aproximadamente) para que nuestros cuerpos funcionen correctamente.
El Instituto de Medicina de los EEUU recomienda 1500 mg de sodio por día como el nivel de consumo adecuado para la mayoría de las personas y aconseja a todas las personas limitar el consumo de sodio a menos de 2300 mg por día, el máximo nivel aceptable.
En ese sentido, el Instituto aconseja limitar el consumo de sodio en menos de 2300 mg por día (aproximadamente 1 cucharadita de sal de mesa) para la población en general y 1500 mg por día para grupos especiales de población.
El consumo adecuado (AI, por sus siglas en inglés) de 1500 mg por día es el promedio de consumo diario de sodio recomendado. El AI de sodio que se establece para adultos es de 1500 mg por día para garantizar que la dieta general proporcione cantidades suficientes de otros nutrientes y para cubrir la pérdida de sodio a través de la transpiración en el caso de las personas físicamente activas.
El máximo nivel (UL, por sus siglas en inglés) de 2300 mg por día se refiere al nivel diario de sodio más alto que probablemente no representa riesgo alguno de efectos adversos para la salud en el caso de la mayoría de las personas de la población en general. El UL no representa el consumo recomendado y no existe beneficio aparente de consumir niveles de sodio por encima del consumo adecuado (AI).
Según el citado Insituto, en los EEUU el promedio de consumo diario de sodio para los estadounidenses a partir de los 2 años es de 3,436 mg. Esto indica que, desde la década de 1970, la cantidad de sodio en los alimentos ha aumentado y se ingieren mayor cantidad de alimentos por día que en el pasado.
¿De dónde consumimos sodio?
La mayor parte de sodio que se consume proviene de alimentos procesados y de restaurantes; solamente una pequeña parte se emplea en la cocina o se añade en la mesa.
Incluso si una persona no padece de hipertensión, puede igualmente beneficiarse al reducir la cantidad de sodio en su dieta, ya que cuanto más baja sea la presión arterial en general, menor será el riesgo de enfermedades cardíacas y accidentes cerebrovasculares.
Si los fabricantes reducen gradualmente la cantidad de sodio en alimentos procesados y preparados, las principales fuentes de sodio en el suministro de alimentos, el consumo de sodio de la población podría reducirse a niveles más seguros con pocos o ningún cambio de comportamiento individual necesario por parte de los consumidores.
La reducción gradual de sodio también permitiría una adaptación más fácil del paladar en respuesta a la reducción de sodio. El consumo de sodio a partir de alimentos procesados y de restaurantes contribuye al aumento de los índices de hipertensión, ataques cardíacos y accidentes cerebrovasculares.
Disminuir el consumo de sodio podría evitar miles de muertes anuales, pues cada año la hipertensión arterial causa 400.000 muertes. Otros beneficios de reducir el consumo de sodio incluyen: menor riesgo de cáncer gastroesofágico, menor masa ventricular izquierda (corazón) y conservación de la masa ósea.
Fuente: Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades

362 thoughts on “Consumimos más sodio que el recomendado mundialmente

  1. The pain that canadian prescription drugs allergies can trigger is something with this contact form which unimaginable varieties of people recognize with. The truth is, nevertheless, that there are services readily available for those who seek them. Beginning using the suggestions as well as ideas in this item, as well as you will certainly have the tools necessary to overcome allergies, finally.
    Display pollen projections and also plan as necessary. If you have accessibility to the internet, most of the preferred weather forecasting websites have an area committed to allergy projections including both air high quality and also plant pollen matters. On days when the count is going to be high, keep your windows shut as well as restrict your time outdoors.
    Pollen, dust, as well as other irritants can obtain entraped on your skin and also in your hair as you go with your day. If you generally shower in the morning, consider switching to a night schedule.

  2. Hi would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re
    using? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers
    and I must say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good
    internet hosting provider at a reasonable price? Thank you,
    I appreciate it!

  3. Hey there! I’ve been reading your site for some time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout
    out from Dallas Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the excellent work!

  4. The pain that meds online allergies can cause is something with cialis com which unknown numbers of individuals recognize with. The truth is, nonetheless, that there are options offered for those who seek them. Start utilizing the ideas and ideas in this piece, as well as you will have the tools necessary to dominate allergic reactions, once and for all.
    Display plant pollen forecasts as well as plan as necessary. Several of the preferred weather forecasting sites have an area devoted to allergic reaction projections consisting of both air quality and pollen counts if you have accessibility to the net. On days when the matter is mosting likely to be high, keep your home windows closed as well as restrict your time outdoors.
    Plant pollen, dust, and various other allergens can get entraped on your skin and in your hair as you go through your day. If you typically shower in the early morning, consider switching over to a night timetable.

  5. I’ll right away take hold of your rss feed as I can not to find your email subscription link or e-newsletter service.

    Do you’ve any? Kindly let me recognise in order that I may subscribe.
    Thanks.

  6. Howdy would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re working with?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I must say this blog loads
    a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest a good internet hosting provider at a honest price?
    Thank you, I appreciate it!

  7. It is appropriate time to make a few plans for the future and it is time to
    be happy. I have read this put up and if I could I want to recommend you few attention-grabbing
    issues or suggestions. Maybe you could write subsequent articles relating to this
    article. I desire to read more things approximately it!

  8. I simply could not depart your web site prior to suggesting that
    I extremely enjoyed the usual information a person supply in your guests?
    Is going to be again ceaselessly to check out new posts

  9. Hello, Neat post. There’s an issue with your site
    in web explorer, might test this? IE still is the market chief and a good component to other folks will pass over
    your great writing because of this problem.

  10. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours nowadays, but I by no means discovered any interesting article like yours.

    It is beautiful worth enough for me. In my view, if all
    site owners and bloggers made just right content as you did,
    the web shall be much more helpful than ever before.

  11. I have been browsing online more than three hours today,
    yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be
    a lot more useful than ever before.

  12. It’s perfect time to make a few plans for the future
    and it is time to be happy. I’ve learn this submit and if
    I may just I want to counsel you few interesting things or
    advice. Perhaps you could write subsequent articles referring to this article.
    I want to read more issues approximately it!

  13. I’ve been surfing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all web
    owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.

  14. I’m really impressed with your writing abilities and also with the
    format in your weblog. Is that this a paid theme or did you
    modify it your self? Anyway keep up the nice high quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one
    nowadays..

  15. Can I simply just say what a comfort to uncover someone who truly knows what they
    are talking about on the net. You certainly understand how to
    bring a problem to light and make it important. More and more
    people need to check this out and understand this side of the story.
    I was surprised you’re not more popular since you
    surely possess the gift.

  16. Hi, I do believe this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I
    will return yet again since I saved as a favorite it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue
    to help other people.

  17. I will immediately grasp your rss as I can not find your email subscription link
    or e-newsletter service. Do you have any? Kindly let me understand so that I may subscribe.

    Thanks.

  18. I’ve been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours today, yet I never found any
    fascinating article like yours. It is pretty price enough for me.
    Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made good content
    as you probably did, the web will probably be a lot more helpful than ever before.

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.